Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
All three credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in calculating a score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most people who want to get a mortgage score 620 or above.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I improve my FICO score?
What can you do about your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must, of course, remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to raise your credit score, you've got to get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Give us a call: 305-967-7200.